INVESTIGATING GENESIS SERIES
©2002 by Gerard Wakefield http://www.creationism.org/wakefield/
(This article may be copied for educational purposes only.)
"Adoption and Altruism: A Blow to Darwinism"
Darwinism holds that life is a constant struggle among all living things against all others. Evolutionists theorize that the only thing a living creature cares about is perpetuating its genetic code. Thus, the only reason animals (and humans) care for their young is because the youngsters carry the adults' genes. Under this scenario, there is no place for self-sacrifice or goodness. Frans de Waal, Professor of Primate Behavior at Emory University, writes:
The fact that adoption is practiced by humans, without any genetic benefit to the adopters, destroys this claim, as science writer Evan Eisenberg notes:
Adoption also occurs among animals, including mice, rats, otters, skunks, llamas, deer, caribou, kangaroos, wallabies, seals, sea lions, dogs, pigs, goats, sheep, and bears. Eisenberg remarks:
Animal adoption is part of what biologists call "animal altruism" -
the habit of some animals to sacrifice their own good for others of their
own species. Under Darwinism, this should not happen, since all creatures
are concerned ONLY with their own genes - in themselves and in their offspring.
One of the best examples is found among meerkat groups, where only the
dominant female gives birth. The lower-ranking females do not give birth,
but "baby-sit" the head female's pups. Evolutionists speculate that the
"baby-sitters" must have some undetected genetic affinity with the head
female's pups, thus satisfying the theory that adults care only for their
own young because of genetic closeness. A team led by University of Cambridge
mammalogist Timothy Clutton-Brock studied 15 groups of wild African meerkats
to learn if the baby-sitters' genes were most like those of the pups they
were caring for. Of the 114 baby-sitters they studied (called "helpers"),
the team found "no indication that the large differences in contributions
to baby-sitting that exist among helpers are related to differences in
their kinship to the litter they were caring for" (Milner 2000: 18). In
other words, the speculations offered by evolutionists to defend their
theory are not confirmed by empirical evidence.
Eisenberg, E. (2001). "The Adoption Paradox." Discover 22, no. 1.
Milner, R. (2000). "Altruistic Meerkats." Natural History 109, no. 8.
Waal, F. de. (2000-2001). "Reading Nature's Tea Leaves." Natural History 109, no. 10.
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